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Faience
Richly decorated and colorful pottery produced first in Faenza, Italy and at Rouen, France about 1644. Small flowers, cornucopias and arrows are typical motifs done in blue, green, and yellow on a cream-white background.
Federal
An American period 1780-1830 influenced by English Adam, Sheraton, Regency, Hepplewhite, French Directoire, and Empire. The most common ornament of this period of decorative arts was the eagle.
Ferrule
A shallow metal socket, usually cylindrical in shape into which another part mates. For example glass chandelier arms terminate in ferrules at the arm-receiver plate and they are capped in ferrules at the candle-end to support bobeches.
Festoon
Renaissance and Neoclassical motif in the shape of a suspended loop of drapery or a garland of flowers and fruit.
Finial
A finial is any of a variety of usually upward-pointing ornaments found, among other places, at the top of a chandelier body or armback or sconce backplate.
Fire Gilding
Fire gilding is a technique for applying gold to a base metal of usually bronze or silver by painting it with an amalgam of mercury and gold dust. When the amalgam-coated object is placed in a furnace, the mercury vaporizes and in doing so, creates a bond between the residual gold and the base metal. Historically, this extremely toxic technique paid very high wages as it tended to kill its practitioners in short order.
Fire Polishing
Reheating an object to remove mold marks and marks left by tools or melting the surface to a very shallow depth to eliminate superficial irregularity, while leaving the majority of the form intact.
Fish Scale
A decorative low-relief pattern consisting of overlapping ovals, as in fish scales.
Fitter
Part of a fixture that accepts a glass globe. The diameter of the fitter determines the size of the neck or opening in the globe.
Floor Lamp
A floor lamp is a light fixture that stands on the floor and is tall enough to provide light to a person seated in a chair. There are many varieties, but they all share these common features: A heavy base at floor level, a “standard” or pole that provides the vertical rise, a cluster that holds the sockets.
Floral
An adjective describing the origin of a design or pattern in plant forms, specifically a flower in bloom.
Flush Mount
A light fixture whose body is affixed directly to the ceiling without a canopy, chain, or stem.
Fluting
Decoration formed by making parallel, concave grooves. In classical architecture they are commonly seen on column shafts and run in a vertical direction. Often confused with reeding. See also "Reeding".
Foliate
An adjective describing the origin of a design or pattern in plant forms.
Footcandle
A measurement of the amount of light power that hits a particular area. The term “lux” is now often used. See also "Lux".
Free-blown Glass
Free-blown glass is hand-blown glass shaped entirely by hand tools and the motion of the blowpipe.