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Gadroon
Pattern consisting of a series of parallel, convex lobes or tapered reeds.
Gallery
A gallery is an ornamental railing around the edge of a shelf, table, or step.
Gas Lighting
Although known in parts of the world with natural gas deposits for over 2000 years, around 1840 gas lighting began making a serious appearance in the domestic interior and in city streets. The original light source of gas lighting was a large open flame. The danger and heat of the open flame lead to the development of glass shades and lanterns to surround the light. The necessity of delivering gas through the body and arms of the lighting fixture also directed the aesthetics of the fixtures. Chains were dropped in favor of stems or pipes as all fittings up to the flame must be hollow. Reliable supplies and new technology around 1880 further popularized gas lighting.
Georgian
A period of design in English furniture from 1714 to 1795. Among the best known designers were Hepplewhite, Sheraton, Chippendale, and the Adam Brothers.
Gesso
A mixture of plaster and glue for molding durable, quick, and cheap sculptural details.
Gilding
Ornamental coating of gold leaf, electrolytically deposited gold, or gold dust. Also known as gilded or gilt.
Girandole
Elaborate table candelabra or heavily carved and often gilded wall sconces with mirrored backplates.
Glass Seeds
Small bubbles and air pockets trapped within glass.
Globe
A glass shade that contains a light source.
Gold
A chemical element (symbol Au). Gold is an extremely malleable bright yellow metal. It is easy to work at room temperature. It can be pulled into thread for embroidery or pounded out into sheets so thin that they are translucent. As well as having a brilliant yellow sheen, gold is very non-reactive so has been used as a decorative and protective coating for other metals via plating, gilding, and leafing.
Gothic
A period of architecture and decorative arts beginning in the 12th century and ending in the 16th century across Europe. Characteristics include the pointed arch or lancet, the trefoil, quatrefoil, and other lobed patterns, and repetitive geometric tracery.
Grotesque
A style of decoration incorporating fantastical elements such as shell encrusted caves and sea creatures, stalactites, and fountains. See also "Grotto Ornament".
Grotto Ornament
A style of decoration incorporating fantastical elements such as shell encrusted caves and sea creatures, stalactites, and fountains. See also "Grotesques".