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Palmette
Fan-shaped pattern derived from the shape of a palm tree leaf.
Patera
Round or oval medallion motif frequently incorporating radiating fluting, leaves or flower petals in its design. Often carved, it can also be painted or inlaid and is frequently found on Neoclassical furniture.
Patina
Term used to describe a darkened, worn appearance formed on the surface of objects due to wear, age, exposure, and hand-rubbing. Patinas vary with the materials, finishing process, and environment of an object. With copper-alloy metals such as bronze, the colors range from light brown to black to green. With iron alloys, the colors range from bright orange to blue to black. With silver and nickel, the color ranges from amber to light brown to black.
Pedestal
A tall, narrow base, usually treated with moldings at the top and bottom, that supports a statue, lamp, vase, or any decorative object.
Pediment
Broad triangular or curved space above a portico, doorway, window or cabinet.
Pendalogue
A pendalogue is a large cut glass or crystal prism in a semi teardrop or pear shape.
Pendant
1. A light fixture that hangs from the ceiling with a single or several closely coupled chains or stems, has a main body element that is compact, and does not have any projecting light sources such as a chandelier arm. 2. A downward hanging decorative element such as a tassel, bell, loop, or spear. It differs from a finial, which typically points up.
Pewter
Alloy of tin and lead which has a dull gray appearance and is used for the making of tableware and ornaments. Originally intended as a substitute for silver, its value diminished in the 17th century with the advent of chinaware for everyday use.
Picture Light
The picture light was developed to illuminate wall-hung works of art. Picture lights are typically designed with a long, horizontal, metal shade having a focusable opening directed down and back towards the picture. The shade is held on a long arm, projecting off the backplate and the wall.
Pier-mount Light
A pier-mount light is a type of exterior light fixture that mounts to the top of a pier or post.
Pilaster
A pilaster is an engaged column that is not freestanding. Often referred to as a half-column, though a pilaster may be no more than a low-relief gesture of support.
Plaster
A bright, white powder of calcinated gypsum that when mixed with water can be easily cast or molded.
Polychrome
Literally, many-colored, or an ornament in several colors.
Pontil
The part where a glass object was attached to the blowpipe or pontil rod.
Porcelain
A hard, nonporous pottery. True porcelain is made of kaolin or china clay.
Porphyry
A dark brick-red to purple stone with flecks of whitish aggregate. Much coveted, it was mined and carved for royal furniture and fixtures since pharaonic Egypt and often used during the reign of Louis XIV for candelabrum.
Pressed Glass
Glassware formed by pressing a quantity of molten glass between two halves of a metal mold. The resulting piece, referred to as "mold-pressed", has an interior form independent of the exterior, in contrast to mold-blown glass, whose interior corresponds to the outer form.
Prism
A wide variety of translucent, faceted, glass or rock crystal elements of a lighting fixture. Commonly called a “crystal.”
Projection
Projection is the measurement of distance between the wall and the furthest element from the wall of a wall-mounted fixture.